The TM30 form is an immigration requirement. The law governing this form aims to ensure transparency in the accommodation details of foreigners staying in Thailand.
It must be completed by the landlord of a property to report the stay of guests within 24 hours of their arrival.
If you are simply coming on holiday to stay in a hotel you won't need to worry about this requirement. Generally this is only relevant to the following people:
- Those staying with a Thai friend
- Those staying in any type of unlicensed (as a hotel) property
- Those who own a home in Thailand (and reside there)
- Those who co-own a home in Thailand (and reside there)
Why Does the TM30 Form Exist?
The form is designed to report non-Thai nationals staying in the country, be it a short-term or long-term residence.
What is important to remember is that this applies to any Thai person putting up a foreign national in the Kingdom, but also applies to a foreigner who owns or co-owns a home in Thailand – even if you are the sole occupant.
If you stay in a condo or apartment block, the owner is required to register you.
The TM30 aims to provide effective monitoring, so foreign criminals are less likely to choose Thailand as a place to hide out. The TM30 takes immigration tracking beyond the airport or land border and to the residence of each individual.
The form is also used as a means of providing information on tourism. The number of foreigners staying in the country is tracked, as well as the most popular locations picked by foreign travelers.
The data collected can also be used to identify foreigners who work illegally in the country, as well as those who have overstayed their visas.
While some might feel the rule is an invasion of privacy, it is there to protect the country – despite its lack of proper enforcement over the years.
TM30 Law & Application
The law governing the TM30 form was introduced a long time ago alongside the Hotel Act of 2005, but has since expanded beyond hotels to cover landlords owning properties or units that are not classified as hotels.
This was necessary to include condo rentals and other unlicensed businesses that put up guests, such as those found on the likes of AirBnB. It also covers Thai individuals and families who host foreign nationals.
To reiterate: anyone who offers accommodation needs to comply with the law by reporting any foreign national staying on the property. The report must be completed not only by hotels and serviced apartments but also by landlords of private properties.
It is the landlord’s responsibility to submit the TM30, but if the landlord doesn't then the guest should raise the issue, as it is a legal requirement.
In 10 years I've never been asked for a TM30, but since stories of fines started popping up a couple of years ago, I now ensure wherever I am staying has reported my residence; except for hotels when traveling, of course.
The reason I do this is because I don't want a fine when they don't see my registration on the computer during a visa renewal.
Who Needs to Be Registered?
If you're staying in a hotel or other business licensed to receive guests then that business will report your stay for you. Indeed, tourists won't even know this reporting has happened.
Note, however, if you are on a long-stay visa and plan on extending (a retirement extension, for example), immigration require you to have submitted a TM30 within 24 hours, whether on your behalf by a landlord or yourself as a property owner. So do make sure it is done.
The TM30 is divided into two separate forms, and the second form allows the landlord to register multiple people. So if you are staying in a group at non-licensed accommodation, your landlord can report you all on the same form.
Some of you might wonder, should I still report myself if I have a yellow house book (tabien baan) or co-own the property I’ll be staying in?
The answer is yes.
Even if you own or co-own the house, you must complete the form within 24 hours of arriving at the property – be it online or at immigration.
If you are staying in a friend’s house, your friend still needs to submit the TM30 form. The same applies to any foreigner who is married to a Thai and carries a Thai visa.
In recent times, expatriates who have been living in Thailand for many years fallen foul of a fine for failing to re-register their home addresses when leaving and returning to their residence.
For instance, an expat who lives permanently in Thailand and travels to other places within the country needs to re-register once returning from travelling.
Your latest place of residence must be reported and logged in the immigration database, in accordance with Section 37 (2) of the Thailand Immigration Act of 1979.
To report your stay, you'll need the following:
- Copy of your passport’s photo page
- Copy of your passport visa page
- Copy of your departure card
The landlord will need:
- Copy of his/her title deed
- Copy of the rental contract
Remember: each time you visit Thailand a TM30 needs to be filed, because your arrival number will change.
Also note that the TM30 is not the same as 90-day reporting. Though you may be fined if you go to do your 90-day reporting and a TM30 hasn't been filed since your arrival.
The good news is that neither you (the home owner) or your landlord need to fill out a form or go down to an immigration office. You can report online, when it works, that is!
Most hotels and registered businesses use TM30 online reporting.
Online registration is available here.
You need to first request a username and password, and then log on to register.
What Happens If I Fail to Register?
Whether Thai or foreign landlord living in Thailand, make sure to register new guests within 24 hours.
Even if a guest leaves and then returns a month later, you need to report this again.
The fine for not reporting is 1,600 Baht per person.
As a tenant or guest, you should ask your landlord if you have already been reported. If your landlord is not willing to report you, then you can try moving to another place or you can report yourself on his/her behalf. That being said, to report yourself you need the aforementioned documents from your landlord.
There are cases when long-term tenants find out that they haven’t been reported by their landlords, and these issues often arise at the Immigration department either for a 90-day check-in or visa renewal.
If you’re a foreigner who has been staying in a property for a couple of days, you might want to befriend your landlord and enquire as to whether you have been reported.
TM30 Rules – Q&A Summary
Do I need to register if:
A. I am staying in a hotel?
No. The hotel will do it.
B. I am staying with a friend/ partner?
No, you don't. But yes, the person you are staying with needs to register.
C. More than one person is staying at my property?
D. I am living in my own home?
E. I am a co-owner of a home?
F. I left my primary residence and went on holiday in Thailand, then came back again to my primary residence?
Yes. The hotel would have registered you when you arrived, so when you return to your primary residence you will need to register again.
If you are staying with a Thai national and the person isn't sure what to do, they can read this TM30 guide in Thai.
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