All visa processes, whether you are flying across the world or traveling to a neighboring country, are daunting ones.
With all the different types of Thai visa available, at times it may seem as if figuring out how to fly to the moon would be an easier task than finding out which one is right for you.
It isn't straight-forward, that's for sure.
I've been here 11 years now and I still discover stipulations in the small print now and again.
There are a number of different visas to consider, so to prevent the risk of deportation and the embarrassment of explaining your predicament when you wind up back in your home country, I have compiled up-to-date visa information for the 5 most common types of visa.
Why Do You Need a Visa?
Let's start with this simple but common question.
A passport is needed when traveling to other nations to show that you are a legal citizen, so why do we need to go the extra mile to obtain a visa?
Visas are different than passports in that they show why it is you are going to another country, as well as how long you plan on staying there.
Visas are usually granted to those who are working or studying abroad for a certain amount of time, however, there are other types of visas, including marriage and retirement visas.
All you have to do is apply for the correct one, which you'll be able to after reading this post.
Remember, if you are coming to Thailand for a holiday of less than 30 days then you won't need one of the visa options below.
Depending on your country of origin, you will be issued with a visa on arrival, also referred to as an exemption stamp. For most nationalities this provides a stay of up to 30 days. However, there are a number of countries who need to apply for a visa prior to arrival.
You can check whether you need a visa to enter Thailand for a short stay using the link below.
So let’s get started with the different types of Thai visa, their requirements and the application process.
1. The Tourist Visa
Are you looking for a long spring break destination? Are you taking the gap year to blow all of your money in exchange for fond memories and a boatload of “candid” selfies?
Well, Thailand is certainly one of the most beautiful destinations you will find in your search for the perfect vacation.
If this is the case, don’t let the idea of getting a tourist visa scare you. While it may be easier to simply travel to another city in your own country of residence, figuring out the Thai tourist visa is well worth your time to see this beautiful country.
Also, if you are staying for less than 30 days, you may not need a visa to enter the country. See this link for the requirements for each country.
In order to apply, you will need to have a passport with at least six months of remaining validity.
You must also have two passport photos.
You must have already purchased your flights, as a copy of your round trip tickets or confirmed itinerary is required.
You must also have proof that you have sufficient funds to be traveling in the first place (20,000 Baht per person and 40,000 Baht per family).
There are two types of tourist visa:
1. Tourist (3 months validity/up to 60 days/Single)
This is a single entry visa that gives you up to 60 days straight in Thailand.
2. Tourist (6 months validity/up to 60 days/Multiple Entries)
This is the newer, far better option that gives you a 6-month visa, allowing you to stay for 60 days at a time, but with multiple entries.
Obtaining a tourist visa is the least difficult visa to obtain as there are few requirements.
You apply for a tourist visa in your home country from the Thai Embassy or a Thai consulate.
After arrival in Thailand, if you need extra time, you can extend a tourist visa twice, each time for an additional 30 days. There is a 1,900 Baht fee for each extension.
The extension of stay, as well as the change of a certain type of visa, is solely at the discretion of the Immigration officer.
There are two types of tourist Visa, the single entry a multiple entry. Please note that the requirements below may differ between countries.
I have used the requirements for obtaining a tourist visa from the Thai embassy in the UK. You should check the Thai embassy website of your home country to see if these requirements differ at all. In my experience, the only difference usually the balance required to be shown on your bank statement
also note that single entry tourist visa are easy to obtain from countries neighbouring Thailand such as Laos or Cambodia. It is quite common for people to arrive in Thailand on a 30 day extension standard and then decide they want to stay longer.
They then do a visa run over the border to one of the neighbouring countries and visit the Thai embassy there to obtain a tourist visa.
Single Entry Requirements (maximum stay of up to 60 days)
- A current passport with validity of over 6 months beyond the date of application.
- Visa application form completely filled out.
- Two (2) recent photos of the applicant.
Multiple Entry Requirements (maximum stay of up to 60 days each entry):
- A current passport with validity of over 6 months beyond the date of application.
- Visa application form completely filled out.
- Two (2) recent photos of the applicant.
- Original bank statement of the applicant showing a balance of least £5,000 (for 6 months) or a print out with official stamp of the bank*
- A letter from the applicant's employer in the UK or Ireland, and addressed to the Royal Thai Embassy.
– If you are self-employed, your self-assessment and a company registration document are required.
- A photocopy of the confirmed return air ticket to Thailand.
- A photocopy of the confirmed hotel reservation in Thailand.
In most cases, the single entry will be enough, but for those who want to spend 6-months at a time here (leaving every 60-days) the 6-month visa is a bonus option.
The advantage of entering the country with this visa is that you'll have 60 days instead of the standard 30 on arrival.
This means that should you want to attend an extra full moon party, or spend longer with your Thai girl/boyfriend, you won't have to to do a visa run to buy some time.
2. The Work/Business Visa (Non-Immigrant “B” Visa)
Many people come to Thailand to teach English as a second language. Others are relocated here for work, to invest and even conduct international business.
The B visa process is fairly harmless and, if done right, can be just another simple check off your to-do list before coming to source that next big import product from Thailand.
This is a bit tricky to stipulate because there is no set business visa, rather a category (B) for which you have to submit documents depending on the business-related reason you require this type of visa.
For most work-related type visas you need two passport photos, a medical certificate, a valid passport, a letter of employment, a certificate of degree and proof of funds of 20,000 Baht (per person)
Note that this visa isn't a work permit. A work permit is obtained separately inside Thailand, and usually by your employer.
If you want to work in Thailand, you should apply for an initial 90-Day Non-Immigrant B visa from your home country under the employment category.
The work permit application then takes place during the initial 90 days of your visa. Once a valid work permit is obtained, the applicant then applies for the 1-Year Non-Immigrant B visa inside Thailand.
Once you have a work permit, 90-day reporting to any Thai Immigration Office is required. You'll also need a re-entry permit if you wish to travel outside of the country. The good news is that renewal of this visa can be done inside Thailand.
As with all types of visa, the B visa must be obtained in your home country (or country other than Thailand). Single-entry and multiple-entry visas are valid for three months initially, though multiple-entry visas are valid for 1 year (leave every 90 days).
For single entry, your passport must be valid for 6 months or more, and for multiple entry the passport must be valid for 18 months or more.
On a multiple-entry B visa, you are allowed to stay in Thailand for 90 days at a time. You are also able to open a bank account as well as obtain a work permit, if needed.
The B visa covers the following types of work-related activity: to conduct business, to work, attend business conferences, scuba diving courses, to teach, kick boxing courses (Muay Thai) and massage courses.
It will suit those prospecting for business in Thailand and having meetings with Thai companies or attending seminars and trade shows.
3. The Retirement (O-A) Visa
What better way to retire than on the shores of Thailand’s world famous beaches, or in the quiet hills of Nakorn Nowhere?
Thailand’s yearlong tropical climate makes it a great place to put your feet up and truly enjoy retirement at a slower pace, or not, as the case may be.
The retirement visa (which when done inside Thailand is actually officially known as an ‘extension of stay based on retirement') is a tad laborious to acquire, and you will need to report to immigration every 90 days; though this can now be done online – when it's working!
I can't see why people aren't simply required to pop down to a local Police Station or immigration office every 3 months and get stamped in. It would take 5 minutes and be done at everyone's leisure.
The retirement visa is also referred to as the Non-Immigrant “O-A,” or the long stay visa. You must be at least 50-years-old and have a clean criminal background.
Two months prior to the visa, you must have 800,000 Baht in a Thai bank account, or a monthly income or pension of 65,000 Baht; or a total of 800,000 Baht through a combination of a bank deposit and income or pension for the entire year.
Note that as of March 1st, 2019, you must keep the 800,000 Baht in your Thai bank account for 3 months after you apply for your extension. And, after those 3 months, you must keep a minimum of 400,000 Baht in the same account.
Every 90 days you must report to the immigration office regarding your current address in Thailand. This can be done by mail if you do not wish to personally visit the immigration office, and online. An agent can also do this for you through power of attorney.
The application for the Thai retirement visa can be processed either in your country of residency or in Thailand. It's actually easier to apply in Thailand because you avoid having to get the medical check and police check.
The easiest route to go down is to first apply for a 90-day Non-Immigrant O visa from the Thai embassy or consulate in your home country.
Once you are on the last 30 days of this visa, you can file for your extension of stay based upon retirement.
Note that to support your application, you must have an updated bank book and a letter from the bank stating that the 800,000 Baht has been deposited to the account from an overseas source for not less than 2 months
Or, in the case of showing an income of 65,000 Baht, you'll need a letter from your embassy in Thailand verifying your monthly income.
If your embassy does not issue income letters (only the UK and US embassy at the time of writing), you will need to provide a 12-month bank statement history showing a regular deposit of 65,000 Baht into a Thai bank account.
This will be problematic if you have only been in Thailand for a couple of months, so if your embassy does not issue income letters then you'll have to go down the lump sum of 800,000 Baht in a Thai bank account route.
If you are interested in the retirement visa route, I have a comprehensive step-by-step retirement visa guide. Click the link below to read it.
You can stay up to one year with this visa, as well as renew (extend, technically) the visa, every year, from inside of Thailand. That means you don't need to leave and do those horrible visa runs!
4. The Marriage Visa (Based On Having a Non Immigrant O Visa)
Online, on vacation, at a bar on Khao San Road: it doesn’t matter where you fell in love, it just matters that you did.
Many of you may find yourselves lucky enough to have found the one and tied the knot, and if Skype and Facebook messenger aren’t enough to keep the romance alive, you may want to think about moving to Thailand on a marriage visa.
The marriage visa is a tad tricky to understand, in that it is actually technically known as a 1-Year Extension of Stay Based on Marriage.
In a nutshell, you apply for a visa in your home country, then go to Thailand and extend the visa for one year so that you don't need to leave the country.
There are two possibilities here:
1. Apply for a 90-day Non Immigrant O visa (single entry). This can be applied for in your home country, or a neighboring country to Thailand such as Laos.
2. Apply for a 1-Year Non-Immigrant O visa (multiple entry). This can only be obtained from your home country / country of residence.
The difference between these two visas is that the first option is single entry and the second option is multiple entry. The second option is valid for 1-year but in sections of 90 days; so you must leave before 90-days is up, and re-enter to activate a further 90 days.
When you apply for a visa you will be doing so on the basis of being married to a Thai national and therefore will need to submit your marriage certificate and copy of your wife’s ID with your application.
Either option will enable you to extend your visa and stay in the country without having to leave. This is called an ‘extension of stay, based on marriage', often referred to as a ‘marriage visa'.
In order to get the 1-year extension of stay, you need to be married to a Thai national and have a clean criminal record.
You must also have a monthly income of at least 40,000 Baht, or 400,000 Baht in a Thai bank account for 60+ days prior to applying.
You will need to provide evidence of your income by way of a letter from your embassy, or evidence of your 400,000 Baht deposit by way of an up to date bank book and a letter from the bank.
This visa is renewable (extendable) on a yearly basis and this process can be completed inside Thailand. The requirements to renew (extend) are the same. You must also report every 90 days to the nearest immigration office with your current address.
Remember that if you want to travel outside of Thailand after having obtained your retirement visa, you will need a re-entry permit to do so. If you don’t get one, your visa will be cancelled when you exit the country.
You can apply for a re-entry permit at an immigration office, or at the international airport before leaving the country. Note that this does not apply to a 1-year multiple entry visa but a visa which was extended in Thailand for the period of 12 months.
*Please note: as of January 2019, the UK and US embassies are no longer issuing income letters to their citizens. This means that nationals of these two countries you will need to go down the lump sum route of having 400,000 Baht in a Thai bank account for 60+ days prior to applying.
For the second year renewal, you could use the income route, if you can show statements proving that 40,000 Baht has been paid into your Thai bank account, each month, for 12 months consecutively.
Obtaining a Non Immigrant O Visa based on marriage is fairly straight forward. Simply apply at a Thai embassy or consulate inside your home country by providing the following:
- A copy and translation of your marriage certificate
- A copy of your wife's passport or ID card.
- 3 months bank statements showing a monthly income of more than £1,500 Baht (amount based on requirements of London Thai Embassy).
*Requirements may differ slightly between countries.
Once you have the Non-Immigrant O Multiple entry visa, or 90-day Non Immigrant visa, you can travel to Thailand and activate the visa upon entry.
The 1-year extension can be applied for during the last 30 days of your 90-day permit to stay and, providing you meet the financial requirements, the processing time usually takes about one month.
Note that if you have the multiple entry Non Immigrant O visa, you don't need to do the 1-year extension if you don't want to. You could just leave the country every 90 days and re-enter to activate a further 90 days.
Once you have a marriage visa (extended Non Immigrant O visa, based on marriage), you can stay in Thailand for a full year without ever needing to leave the country.
You are also allowed to work if you are able to obtain a valid Thai work permit to go along with the marriage visa.
Lastly, if you don't apply to extend for a year by following the financial requirements listed above, you can always extend your visa for a further 60 days, making it last 5 months. I wrote a post on how to do this here.
5. The Education Visa (1-year Non-Immigrant ED Visa)
Believe it or not, this has been the most illegally exploited visa over the years. The ED visa, as it's known, became a popular way to long-stay in Thailand with minimal financial commitment: Simply sign up to learn Thai for a year with a language school and voila, you get an educations visa.
Of course, people weren't really learning Thai, and, after a number of years, the Thai government began asking immigration officers to conduct random basic Thai tests on those who'd supposedly been learning the language for a few years.
Needless to say, those who couldn't answer very basic questions had theirs cancelled.
If you do apply for an Ed visa, make sure you go to at least one lesson a week!.
You can apply for the Ed visa in your home country or from inside Thailand. Most people come in on a tourist visa and then find a school to sign up with. The school then duly sorts out the paperwork with the Ministry of Education.
If you are accepted, which you most likely will be, you will then have to leave Thailand and apply for the Non-Immigrant ED visa in any Thai embassy or consulate outside of Thailand. Most people hop over to Laos to do this.
People of every nationality can apply for a 1-year Non-Immigrant Education visa. Though nationals of the following countries must apply in their own country: Bangladesh, China, India, Iran, Sri-Lanka and Middle Eastern countries – don't ask me why!
From inside your own country, you'll need the usual suspects such as passport or travel document with a validity of not less than 6 months, and a recent 4 x 6 cm photograph.
In addition, you'll need a letter of acceptance from the language school you wish to study at, and for those who intend to study in a private institution, you may require an official letter from the Ministry of Education of Thailand or other sub-authorities concerned, which is basically an approval of your enrollment and a copy of your registration certificate.
Note that there are slightly different documents required for internships and other more specific areas of study.
It's actually much easier to apply for an education visa inside of Thailand because the language schools are crying out for students, and are therefore willing to do all the legwork required to sign you up.
The only hassle is having to go to Laos or any other country in the surrounding region to get your ED visa. But as I'm sure you can tell, this is why the ED visa became such a popular route for the “Oh my God, I don't want to go home. How can I stay here for longer” type traveller.
On arrival back in Thailand you will be permitted to stay for 90 days. Once you have the school paperwork you can extend your stay every 90 days at the Bangkok Immigration Office for the duration of the course (up to a maximum of 3 years). The fee is 1,900 Baht for an extension.
Note that if you have a single entry ED visa, when you want to travel abroad, you have to get a re-entry permit to leave and come back in. This can be conveniently done at Suvarnabhumi Airport before you leave.
You can file to pause your visa so that the period of your leave will not be included in the duration of your visa. To get a re-entry permit, you need the following:
- Passport and a copy
- One 4 x 6 cm passport photo
- 1,000 Baht fee for single entry, and 3,800 Baht for multiple entry
You get to stay continually in Thailand and don't have to leave every 90 days, as you would on some of the other Non Immigrant O visas (where the financial requirement hasn't been met to extend).
However you do have to report to immigration every 90 days to let them know your address. You can do this up to 7 days before the due date.
Single entry ED visa holders also have to get a re-entry permit if they want to travel abroad; so get a multiple entry from the outset.
All in all, this visa is a good choice if you want to stay long term, and learn Thai, of course!
6. The Thailand Elite Visa
The Thailand Elite Visa is a multiple entry visa, valid for five years, and renewable as long as the membership is still valid. With the basic package starting at a cool 500,000 Baht, you will be granted a 1-year stay, with an extension possible at the end of the year.
The website doesn't quite reflect this upmarket offering: the design is poor, the information hard to decipher and the pages slow to load – you would have thought they'd spend some of that money on a decent user experience.
That said, if you have the money, this is the easiest way to stay in Thailand long term, with fringe benefits that make you feel important.
The only requirement is that you have the cash. Oh, and that you aren't a known criminal or banned from the country.
You won't need to do visa runs, but you will have to do 90-day address reporting. No stress though, your Thailand Elite personal liaison office will handle this for you, apparently.
Other benefits include: a concierge service at the airport (they greet you and get you a limo to your hotel), spa treatments, a health checkup, discount shopping, cheaper banking with Bangkok Bank, and a bunch of other stuff you might not use.
Visa Overstay Rules!
Do not make the mistake of overstaying your welcome in Thailand. Be sure to have a look at either the length of your permit by stamp or your particular visa to see what date it is you are supposed to leave Thailand.
You are considered to be overstaying even if your visa ended the previous day.
Overstaying your welcome in Thailand could get you into serious trouble.
The 500 Baht a day penalty that was once the only punishment handed out for foreigners overstaying their welcome has now been accompanied by an entry ban for severe offenders, and as of March 2016, you could receive a ban for as long as 10 years.
If you overstay and turn yourself in, you get banned for one year for staying more than 90 days, banned three years for staying more than one year, banned five years for staying more than three years, and last but not least, banned for 10 years for staying more than five years.
If you need to extend a visa, you can do so by applying for permission at the Office of Immigration Bureau, located on Government Center B, Chaengwattana Soi 7, Laksi, Bangkok 10210, Tel 0-2141-9889.
Be wary of your expiration date and don’t overstay your welcome, or you may not ever be able to come back to paradise!
Don't see the type of visa you want listed in this post? Confused and need some advice? Have I made a mistake? Leave a comment below and let me know!
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